Over the years, scientific and industrial research has devoted much attention to the development of chemicals that are safe for consumers, workers and the environment and harmonized use procedures and regulations have been established at the level.
The choice of substances, materials, technologies and work methods that have the least impact on the environment are now complemented by research carried out over time on the identification of products that are safe for effects on human health.
The use of substances considered to be highly worrying (such as carcinogens, mutagens and reprotoxic substances) has been banned in the products and the chemicals put on the market are subject to checks and monitoring. In some cases, real authorization procedures, aimed at certifying their safety for humans and the environment, are required when they are first placed on the market.
Regulation, in force since 2007, establishes which substances and which chemical compounds can be used in industrial processes in Europe and how. It involves chemical companies as well as manufacturers that use everything they need to turn a raw material into a finished and marketable Ferene Disodium Salt product.
Other industry regulations such as the Regulation on biocides (BPR), the one on plant protection (PPP), the one on cosmetics and the one on detergents, regulate the placing on the market of these specific categories of products, in some cases through the use of authorization or notification procedures before being placed on the market.
Characteristics and structure of the chemical industry. Notions of mass and energy balances. Notions of economics of chemical processes. Intellectual property concepts. Notions on the toxicity of chemical compounds, and on their flammability. Notions on the design of process diagrams and flow diagrams. Notions of thermodynamics and kinetics to understand the effect of operating parameters on yields and selectivity in products.
The separations. classification according to the separating agent; impact on overall economic costs. Degrees of freedom in design and management. Choice strategies depending on the type of industrial process: from distillation to reverse osmosis. Chemical-physical principles of Ferene Disodium Salt product.
Economic analysis of chemical processes. Economic aspects in the design and management phase. Battery limit and calculation of the cost of a device. Fixed and variable costs, types and their incidence. Main methods for economic evaluation. Practical examples.
The management of chemical processes. effect of the main operating parameters (temperature, pressure, partial pressure of the reagents, time) on the process performance indicators: conversion, yields, selectivity, productivity. Thermodynamic and kinetic aspects. The student is able to design and manage chemical processes aimed at producing materials and products.